نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 گروه حسابداری، دانشکده اقتصاد و مدیریت، دانشگاه ارومیه، ارومیه، ایران

2 استادیار، گروه حسابداری، دانشکدۀ اقتصاد و مدیریت، دانشگاه ارومیه، ارومیه، ایران

چکیده

هدف: هدف پژوهش، شناسایی عوامل مؤثر بر ریسک مالی شرکت‌ها با در نظر گرفتن تأثیر نوسان‌‌های این عوامل و گزینش متغیرهای منتخب است.
روش: در این پژوهش از اطلاعات 145 شرکت پذیرفته‌شده در بورس اوراق بهادار تهران طی سال‌های 1389 تا 1398 استفاده شده است؛ همچنین برای تحلیل یافته‌ها از رویکرد مدل‌سازی معادلات ساختاری و از 31 متغیر شامل نسبت‌های مالی، عوامل اندازه، رشد شرکت و استراتژی‌های رقابتی با هم و به‌‌طور هم‌‌زمان بهره گرفته شده است.
نتایج: نتایج نشان داد 6/58 درصد از ریسک مالی را نوسان‌‌های متغیرهای پژوهش توضیح داده‌‌اند؛ همچنین با استفاده از مقادیر بارهای عاملی و آزمون ضرایب بتا مشخص شد که نسبت‌های مالی تعهدی مانند حاشیۀ سود خالص، حاشیۀ سود عملیاتی، دورۀ گردش دارایی، نسبت سود انباشته به دارایی، نسبت جاری، نسبت نقدی و نسبت هزینۀ بهره به فروش خالص و نسبت‌های مالی نقدی مانند نسبت جریان نقد عملیاتی به مجموع دارایی و نسبت جریان نقد عملیاتی به بدهی‌های بلندمدت اهمیت خاصی دارند؛ علاوه‌‌بر این نتایج آزمون تی نشان داد تأثیر نسبت‌های مالی، عوامل اندازه، رشد شرکت و استراتژی‌های رقابتی بر ریسک مالی معنی‌دار است.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات

عنوان مقاله [English]

dentifying the Factors Affecting the Financial Risks of Companies Using the Structural Equations Approach

نویسندگان [English]

  • saman tavakoli 1
  • Ali Ashtab 2

1 Department of Accounting, Faculty of Economics and Management, Urmia University, Urmia, Iran

2 Assistant Professor, Department of Accounting, Faculty of Economics and Management, Urmia University, Urmia, Iran

چکیده [English]

The purpose of this study is to investigate the mediating role of the cost stickiness in the relationship between intangible assets and the purpose of this paper was to identify the factors affecting the financial risks of companies by considering the effects of fluctuations of those factors and selecting the selected variables. In this study, the information of 145 listed companies at Tehran Stock Exchange during 2011-2020 was used. Also, to analyze the findings, the structural equations modeling approach and 31 variables, including financial ratio, size factor, company growth, and competitive strategy, were utilized together and simultaneously. The results showed that 58.6% of financial risks were explained by fluctuations in the research variables. Also, by using the load factor values and beta coefficient test, the accrued financial ratios, such as net profit margin, operating profit margin, asset turnover period, accumulated profit-to-asset ratio, current ratio, and cash ratio, as well as cash financial ratios, including the ratio of operating cash flow to total assets and the ratio of operating cash flow to long-term liabilities, were found to be of particular importance. In addition, by using the t-test, the effects of financial ratios, firm size, growth factors, and competitive strategies on financial risks were observed to be significant.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Competitive Strategy
  • Financial ratio
  • Financial risk
  • structural equations modeling
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